Blurb the Early Modern Period here.

Language Key: ENHG: Early New High German; L: Latin; MLG: Middle Low German; NHG: New High German 

Colonialism and the ‘New World’


  • List

Pieter Goos – Nieuwe werelt kaert (New Map of the World) (1672) via Wikimedia Commons

Cultural encounters and exchange 


Primary materials

  • S.N. Fortunatus (1509) (HG | E)

Contact with the Islamic world

  • Silke Falkner, ‘Perverted Spaces: Boundary Negotiations in Early-Modern Turcica’ in James Hodkinson and Jeffrey Morrison (eds), Encounters with Islam in German Literature and Culture (Cambridge, 2009), pp. 55-72.


Anonymous, The Battle of Vienna (1683)
via Wikimedia Commons

Early Modern Christianity 


Martin Luther and the Reformation 

Historical materials

  • Martin Luther, An den christlichen Adel deutscher Nation (1520) (D | E)
  • Martin Luther, Von der babylonischen Gefangenschaft der Kirche (1520) (D | E)
  • Martin Luther, Von der Freiheit eines Christenmenschen (1520) (D | E)
  • Martin Luther’s translation of the Bible into German can be accessed by following this link.


  • C. Scott Dixon, The Reformation in Germany (Oxford 2002).
  • Kaspar von Greyerz, ‘Switzerland’ in Robert Scribner, Roy Porter and Mikulas Teich (eds), The Reformation in National Context (Cambridge, 2009), pp. 30-46.
  • Scott J. Hendrix, Martin Luther: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford, 2010).
  • Robert Kolb, Irene Dingel and L’ubomír Batka, The Oxford Handbook of Martin Luther’s Theology (Oxford, 2014).
  • Anja Lobenstein-Reichmann, ‘Martin Luther, Bible Translation, and the German Language’ in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Religion (2017).
  • Donald K. McKim (ed), The Cambridge Companion to Martin Luther (Cambridge, 2006).
  • Bob Scribner, ‘Germany’ in Robert Scribner, Roy Porter and Mikulas Teich (eds), The Reformation in National Context (Cambridge, 2009), pp. 4-29.

The counter-reformation

Christian mysticism

The ‘Reformation Wall’, Geneva
Isaiahk (2015) via Wikimedia Commons

Jewish culture and writing 



  • Ruth Gay and Peter Gay, The Jews of Germany: A Historical Portrait (New Haven: 1992).
  • Marion A. Kaplan (ed), Jewish Daily Life in Germany, 1618-1945 (Oxford, 2005).
The Expulsion of the Jews from Frankfurt, August 1614
via Wikimedia Commons

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General reading

  • ‘Early New High German (c.1350-1700)’ in Christopher Young and Thomas Gloning (eds), A History of the German Language Through Texts (Routledge: 2004)
  • Peter von Polenz, Deutsche Sprachgeschichte: Vom Spätmittelalter bis zur Gegenwart – Bd. 1 (’14. bis 16. Jahrhundert’) and Bd. 2 (’17. und 18. Jahrhundert’)

Writing in the vernacular 

  • Martin Luther, Sendbrief vom Dolmetschen (1530) (D | E)

Regional Germans

Developing (German) traditions

  • Martin Opitz, Buch von der Deutschen Poeterey (1624)

Race in the Early Modern period

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Primary materials



  • Mischa Honeck, Matin Klimke and Anne Kuhlmann (eds), Germany and the Black Diaspora. Points of Contact, 1250-1914 (New York and Oxford: Berghain, 2013)

Reflecting on the Thirty Years’ War 

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Primary Materials

  • Geoff Mortimer, Eyewitness accounts of the Thirty Years’ War, 1618-48 (Palgrave, 2002).


  • Geoffrey Parker, The Thirty Years’ War (Routledge, 1997)
  • Peter H. Wilson, Europe’s Tragedy: A New History of the Thirty Years’ War (Penguin, 2010)

The Thirty Years’ War and Cultural Memory

  • Bertolt Brecht, Mutter Courage und ihre Kinder (1938/39; premiered 1941) (D | E)
  • Alfred Döblin, Wallensetin (1920) (D | ?E)
  • Daniel Kehlmann, Tyll (2017) (D | E)
  • Friedrich Schiller Wallenstein (trilogy completed 1799) (D | E)
Jacques Callot, ‘The Hanging’, Les misères et les malheurs de la guerre (1633) via Wikimedia Commons

Early Modern sexuality and the body 

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  • Jakob Wimpfeling, Stylpho (1480) (L – with an introduction in D)
  • Johannes Reuchlin, Henno (1497) (L)
  • Pamphilus Gengenbach, Die zehn alter dieser Welt (1515) (D)
  • Pamphilus Gengenbach, Gäuchmatt (1516) (D)
  • Heinrich Julius von Braunschweig

Dramatic and Theatrical Theory

Women, writing and the arts

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